## Math

Math Expo 2008 Statistical Profile and Analysis

Part A – Colombia vs. Current World Average

1. Population

This chart shows the population in Colombia over a six-year period. As you can see, there has been a dramatic increase in the population count between 1999 and 2004. This may seem rather inaccurate if the population data is compared to the birth rates of the respective years, but this simply means that the age distribution is not balanced in the Colombia. Since the birth rate in Colombia has been steadily decreasing over the years, it means children and infants only make up a small portion of the population in Colombia, and the teenagers, the middle-aged, and the elderly comprise the majority of the population. However, this could mean that the population would dramatically decrease in the future because since there are less children today, in thirty years they would be the middle-aged, and the elderly and middle-aged today, which comprises the majority of the population would have passed away.

2. Birth Rates

This bar graph gives the average annual number of births during a year per 1,000 persons in the population at midyear; also known as crude birth rate. The birth rate is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth. It depends on both the level of fertility and the age structure of the population. This chart shows the birth rates in Colombia per 1,000 people. And as shown, the birth rate has been decreasing over the years. This can be attributed to the fact that the citizens of Colombia do not want to have a large family in the midst of all the political turmoil between the government, paramilitaries and FARC. And although the birth rates may not seem very high, they definitely make up for the higher death rates. Although to some people, high birth rates may seem like a wonderful thing in terms of the nation’s technological ability to sustain an infant’s life, they could also show that a country may be overpopulated or not have proper family planning. The high birth rate in 1999 is a perfect example of the lack of family planning. But it seemed that the situation has been rectified since over the next five years, the birth rate has been decreasing until in 2004, it is lower than the current world average.

3. Death Rates

This bar graph gives the average annual number of deaths during a year per 1,000 people Colombia, as well as the current world average. It is also known as crude death rate. Although only a rough indicator of the mortality situation in a country, the death rate accurately indicates the current mortality impact on population growth. This indicator is significantly affected by age distribution, and most countries will eventually show a rise in the overall death rate, despite of the continued decline in mortality at all ages, as declining fertility results in an aging population. This graph shows the death rates in Colombia per 1,000 people for the years 1999 to 2004. Knowing the death rates for any given country could really help you learn a lot about that country. For example, this graph shows the almost steady death rates in Colombia in the past years. However, as you can see, compared to the world average, the rates are very high. This shows that there may be serious problems with murders and killings within Colombia. Since the beginning of the war on drugs in 1964, there has been an exponential growth in the amount of death rates in Colombia due to the killings by the FARC, government and the paramilitaries. Unfortunately, this data could definitely prove Colombia a hazardous country in the sense of safety.

Part B – Colombia vs. Philippines

1. Gross Domestic Product

According to the statistics and as seen on this chart, the GDP of the Philippines is much lower than that of Colombia. Although both governments may be considered as being very corrupt, Colombia makes a lot of money off of their narcotics shipments. Because Colombia is the number one cocaine grower in the world, they grow and ship almost 80% of the world’s cocaine, bringing in between \$2.2 and \$2.5 billion yearly. Although illegal, these sales account for almost three percent of Colombia’s GDP.

2. Gross Domestic Product Per Capita

Clearly, Colombia has a much higher GDP than that of the Philippines; and for good reason. Although both countries are at conflict with themselves, Colombia is able to hold its amount of exports at a median. Because Colombia is the number one grower and exporter of coca plant in the world, it is able to make plenty of money exporting its [legal] coffee and [legal and illegal] narcotics. Colombia has obtained a steady rate of exports due to all the coffee and cocaine shipments around the world, mostly to the southern tips of America and around itself to countries such as Brazil and Venezuela.

3. Total Fertility

Although it may seem surprising, the fertility rates between the Philippines and Colombia seem to be strikingly close, with Colombia at 2.5 and the Philippines at 3. However, I think that the number in the Philippines is growing due to the extreme lack of family planning. This situation however is the same in Colombia. On the other hand, Colombia does not have as many people as the Philippines, so, in turn does not have the exact same fertility rate as the Philippines. But, in both countries, fertility rates are escalating due to the problems within the nation, the problem with the ABUSAYAF and MILF in Mindanao, Philippines and the problems with narcotics and FARC rebels in Colombia.

4. Land Area

This chart shows the comparison of the land area between the two countries, Colombia and Philippines. Clearly, the Philippines would not have a lot of land because it is just islands and ocean. Of course the Philippines would have a much higher water area, though. Although it may seem that Colombia has an exponentially high land area, but this actually is only compared to the Philippines. Colombia only takes up less than 1% of the land of the entire world. And having a lot of land under a country’s jurisdiction is extremely beneficial, in terms of the nation’s economy. For example, in Colombia, a large portion of the lands are utilized as plantations for coca and coffee crops, which are the nation’s largest exported commodities. Meanwhile in the Philippines, much of the land are already either industrially or urbanely developed, not leaving much for agricultural purposes which could have help increase the countries GDP by exporting the crops, or potentially solve the rise shortage in the Philippines.

5. Forested Area

This chart displays how much of countries’ land areas are covered in forests. Clearly, Colombia is covered in a vast expanse of forested land. On the polar side, the Philippines possess an extremely small part of its land covered by forest. In the past years, the Philippine forests have greatly decreased due to illegal logging, urban developments operations. This caused the increased amount of flooding, landslides and mudslides over the years in the Philippines. On the other hand, the Colombian forests remain covering a steady large part of the land. Colombia holds many records for its plant and animal species, so of course has the forests and habitats to prove it. However, in the recent years, Colombia’s forests have also exponentially decreased due to uncontrollable deforestation to make space for the growing and coffee and coca plantations.

6. Water Consumption Per Capita

This chart shows and compares the consumption of water in the Philippines and Colombia. It is no wonder that the Philippines consume more water, but what is surprising is that the utilization in Colombia comes close. In the Philippines, much more of the land is surrounded by water and the climate is so hot that people need to drink plenty of water in one day. The fact that the population count in the Philippines surpasses that of Colombia should also be taken in to account. Furthermore, there are many in the Philippines, such as the sugar cane plantation in Negros Occidental in the Visayan region, the rice farms in Tarlac, north of Manila, the cultivated area for pineapples in Bukidnon, in the Mindanao region. Meanwhile, in Colombia, though there are less people there than there is in the Philippines, aside from the daily dose of water, much of the water used is by narcotics and coffee farmers to irrigate and water the enormous the enormous farmlands.